- 276.3 g/mol
- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
Compound properties list
|Melting/boiling point|| 162 0C||Solid|
|Vapour pressure||1 x 10 -10 mm Hg||Very low volatility|
|Solubility in water||0.06 mg/L||Very low solubility|
|Henry's law constant||3 x 10-7 atm·m3/mol||Slow volatilization when dissolved|
|log Koc (Depending on soil or sediment characteristics)||6.0 - 7.5*||Very strong adsorption to organic matter|
At 20 0C, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene is a solid with very low volatility. Characterized by its
very low solubility, it will volatilize slowly once dissolved and adsorbs very strongly to organic
matter. When present in soil, this compound will undergo light volatilization and solubilize very
slowly. Once dissolved, it will either enter into the groundwater table or migrate towards a
waterway, where it will be diluted before slowly volatilizing. Fragments of indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene
can also be carried into a waterway where they will deposited at the bottom dissolve very slowly.
Once the source has been removed, the adsorbed indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene will take a very long time to
disappear, being released in its gaseous or dissolved forms. The resulting plumes (gaseous or
dissolved) will be relatively small in size.
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene should be handled with care, as it is toxic.
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). PAHs are a group of
organic compounds that contain two or more benzene rings in their structure. There are more than 100
different PAHs that generally occur as complex mixtures (example, combustion by-products such as soot).
Incomplete combustion of fuels in engines, during coal coking, or when wood is burning (forest
fires, wood stoves) produces PAHs. PAHs are also constituents of petroleum and coal, and they are
more present in some of their derivatives like tars and asphalt. The wood preservative industry
(example, creosote), aluminum smelters using Soderberg electrodes, and hazardous waste disposal sites
are further contributors of anthropogenic PAHs to the environment.
Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, like most individual PAHs, has very limited or no known uses, except as
reagents in biochemical or cancer research. Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene is more likely to be found mixed
with other PAHs in commercial products like coal tar, coal tar pitch, creosote, bitumen and
asphalt. Coal tar is used as a fuel in the steel industry, distilled to give coal tar pitch and
creosote, and has been used in the clinical treatment of skin disorders such as eczema and
dermatitis. Coal tar pitch is used primarily as a binder for aluminum smelting electrodes, but is
also used in roofing, surface coatings and a variety of other applications. Creosote is used to
preserve wood for railroad ties, marine pilings and telephone poles. Some creosote products are also
used as a fuel by steel production. Bitumen and asphalt are used for paving roads, for sound- and
water-proofing, and coating pipes.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1995. Toxicological
Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services, Public Health Service, Georgia, USA.
(Viewed December 2013)
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. 1999. Canadian Water Quality Guidelines for
the Protection of Aquatic Life: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). In: Canadian
Environmental Quality Guidelines. Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Manitoba,
Canada. (Viewed December 2013).
Montgomery, John H. 2007. Groundwater Chemicals, Desk Reference, Fourth Edition, CRC
Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Florida, USA.
National Toxicology Program. 2005. Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition: Substance Profile of
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health
Services, USA.(PDF, 256KB) (Viewed December 2013)